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WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement A Business Guide for Developing Countries. Geneva ITC, 2013. xi, 30 pages. 0Guide%20Version%20II%20.Trade facilitation is an essential dimension in economic development in today's. 289.PDF The aim of this paper is to explore recently adopted Trade Facilitation Agreement, at the World Trade Organization Bali Ministerial Conference, in. Find.ISBN 9-200-9 Print, 9-201-6 PDF. Designing and implementing trade facilitation in Asia and the Pacific. Sop broker sopcast com 3912 262031. Trade facilitation is the simplification, harmonisation, standardisation and modernisation of trade procedures.It seeks to reduce trade transaction costs at the interface between business and government and is an agenda item within many customs related activities.These include WTO trade round negotiations, supply chain security initiatives, development and capacity building programs, as well as many customs modernisation programs.However, the implementation of trade facilitation principles…


The eleven TFIs take values from 0 to 2, where 2 designates the best performance that can be achieved.The variables in the TFI dataset are coded with 0, 1, or 2.These seek to reflect not only the regulatory framework in the concerned countries, but delve, to the extent possible, into the state of implementation of various trade facilitation measures. Forex algorithm la gi. Organization WCO, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. /~/media/GIAWB/EnterpriseSurveys/Documents/Misc/TFA has provided trade facilitation with new impetus. OECD finds that specific trade facilitation activities with the largest impact on. 20129 Hoekman B.Implementation of trade facilitation measures are identified based on the national. Available at

In respect of each member that accepts the TFA after its entry into force, it will take effect upon acceptance, in accordance with Article X:3 of the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization.The mandate and principles contained in paragraph 27 of the Doha Ministerial Declaration (WT/MIN(01)/DEC/1) and in Annex D of the Decision of the Doha Work Programme adopted by the General Council on 1 August 2004 (WT/L/579), as well as in paragraph 33 of and Annex E to the Hong Kong Ministerial Declaration (WT/MIN(05)/DEC); as follows: ARTICLE 1: PUBLICATION AND AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION 1 Publication 1.1 Each Member shall promptly publish the following information in a non-discriminatory and easily accessible manner in order to enable governments, traders, and other interested parties to become acquainted with them: (a) procedures for importation, exportation, and transit (including port, airport, and other entry-point procedures), and required forms and documents; (b) applied rates of duties and taxes of any kind imposed on or in connection with importation or exportation; (c) fees and charges imposed by or for governmental agencies on or in connection with importation, exportation or transit; (d) rules for the classification or valuation of products for customs purposes; (e) laws, regulations, and administrative rulings of general application relating to rules of origin; (f) import, export or transit restrictions or prohibitions; (g) penalty provisions for breaches of import, export, or transit formalities; (h) procedures for appeal or review; (i) agreements or parts thereof with any country or countries relating to importation, exportation, or transit; and (j) procedures relating to the administration of tariff quotas.1.2 Nothing in these provisions shall be construed as requiring the publication or provision of information other than in the language of the Member except as stated in paragraph 2.2. How to trade pokemon heartgold. Security with respect to trade facilitation and trade enforce- ment;. enforcement, and trade facilitation missions of U. S. Customs and.Background. 2. Why is the TFA good for my country? 3. Entry into Force. 4. The Trade Facilitation Agreement. 5. Section I. 5. Section II. 8. Section III. 10.Available cross-country databases and indicators relevant to trade facilitation in. media/GIAWB/EnterpriseSurveys/Documents/Misc/

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3.2 Members of a customs union or involved in regional integration may establish or maintain common enquiry points at the regional level to satisfy the requirement of paragraph 3.1 for common procedures.3.3 Members are encouraged not to require the payment of a fee for answering enquiries and providing required forms and documents.If any, Members shall limit the amount of their fees and charges to the approximate cost of services rendered. 3.4 The enquiry points shall answer enquiries and provide the forms and documents within a reasonable time period set by each Member, which may vary depending on the nature or complexity of the request.4 Notification Each Member shall notify the Committee on Trade Facilitation established under paragraph 1.1 of Article 23 (referred to in this Agreement as the "Committee") of: (a) the official place(s) where the items in subparagraphs 1.1(a) to (j) have been published; (b) the Uniform Resource Locators of website(s) referred to in paragraph 2.1; and (c) the contact information of the enquiry points referred to in paragraph 3.1.ARTICLE 2: OPPORTUNITY TO COMMENT, INFORMATION BEFORE ENTRY INTO FORCE, AND CONSULTATIONS 1 Opportunity to Comment and Information before Entry into Force 1.1 Each Member shall, to the extent practicable and in a manner consistent with its domestic law and legal system, provide opportunities and an appropriate time period to traders and other interested parties to comment on the proposed introduction or amendment of laws and regulations of general application related to the movement, release, and clearance of goods, including goods in transit.

1.2 Each Member shall, to the extent practicable and in a manner consistent with its domestic law and legal system, ensure that new or amended laws and regulations of general application related to the movement, release, and clearance of goods, including goods in transit, are published or information on them made otherwise publicly available, as early as possible before their entry into force, in order to enable traders and other interested parties to become acquainted with them.1.3 Changes to duty rates or tariff rates, measures that have a relieving effect, measures the effectiveness of which would be undermined as a result of compliance with paragraphs 1.1 or 1.2, measures applied in urgent circumstances, or minor changes to domestic law and legal system are each excluded from paragraphs 1.1 and 1.2.2 Consultations Each Member shall, as appropriate, provide for regular consultations between its border agencies and traders or other stakeholders located within its territory. Each Member shall issue an advance ruling in a reasonable, time-bound manner to the applicant that has submitted a written request containing all necessary information. Australia commitment to wto trade of goods tariff. [[If a Member declines to issue an advance ruling, it shall promptly notify the applicant in writing, setting out the relevant facts and the basis for its decision. A Member may decline to issue an advance ruling to the applicant where the question raised in the application: (a) is already pending in the applicant's case before any governmental agency, appellate tribunal, or court; or (b) has already been decided by any appellate tribunal or court. The advance ruling shall be valid for a reasonable period of time after its issuance unless the law, facts, or circumstances supporting that ruling have changed. Where the Member revokes, modifies, or invalidates the advance ruling, it shall provide written notice to the applicant setting out the relevant facts and the basis for its decision.Where a Member revokes, modifies, or invalidates advance rulings with retroactive effect, it may only do so where the ruling was based on incomplete, incorrect, false, or misleading information. An advance ruling issued by a Member shall be binding on that Member in respect of the applicant that sought it.The Member may provide that the advance ruling is binding on the applicant. Each Member shall publish, at a minimum: (a) the requirements for the application for an advance ruling, including the information to be provided and the format; (b) the time period by which it will issue an advance ruling; and (c) the length of time for which the advance ruling is valid. Each Member shall provide, upon written request of an applicant, a review of the advance ruling or the decision to revoke, modify, or invalidate the advance ruling. Each Member shall endeavour to make publicly available any information on advance rulings which it considers to be of significant interest to other interested parties, taking into account the need to protect commercially confidential information. Definitions and scope: (a) An advance ruling is a written decision provided by a Member to the applicant prior to the importation of a good covered by the application that sets forth the treatment that the Member shall provide to the good at the time of importation with regard to: (i) the good's tariff classification; and (ii) the origin of the good.

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(b) In addition to the advance rulings defined in subparagraph (a), Members are encouraged to provide advance rulings on: (i) the appropriate method or criteria, and the application thereof, to be used for determining the customs value under a particular set of facts; (ii) the applicability of the Member's requirements for relief or exemption from customs duties; (iii) the application of the Member's requirements for quotas, including tariff quotas; and (iv) any additional matters for which a Member considers it appropriate to issue an advance ruling.(c) An applicant is an exporter, importer or any person with a justifiable cause or a representative thereof.(d) A Member may require that the applicant have legal representation or registration in its territory. Surprising girl on trade event. To the extent possible, such requirements shall not restrict the categories of persons eligible to apply for advance rulings, with particular consideration for the specific needs of small and medium-sized enterprises.These requirements shall be clear and transparent and not constitute a means of arbitrary or unjustifiable discrimination. Each Member shall provide that any person to whom customs issues an administrative decision has the right, within its territory, to: (a) an administrative appeal to or review by an administrative authority higher than or independent of the official or office that issued the decision; and/or (b) a judicial appeal or review of the decision. The legislation of a Member may require that an administrative appeal or review be initiated prior to a judicial appeal or review. Each Member shall ensure that its procedures for appeal or review are carried out in a non-discriminatory manner. Each Member shall ensure that, in a case where the decision on appeal or review under subparagraph 1(a) is not given either: (a) within set periods as specified in its laws or regulations; or (b) without undue delay the petitioner has the right to either further appeal to or further review by the administrative authority or the judicial authority or any other recourse to the judicial authority. Each Member shall ensure that the person referred to in paragraph 1 is provided with the reasons for the administrative decision so as to enable such a person to have recourse to procedures for appeal or review where necessary. Each Member is encouraged to make the provisions of this Article applicable to an administrative decision issued by a relevant border agency other than customs.ARTICLE 5: OTHER MEASURES TO ENHANCE IMPARTIALITY, NON-DISCRIMINATION AND TRANSPARENCY 1 Notifications for enhanced controls or inspections Where a Member adopts or maintains a system of issuing notifications or guidance to its concerned authorities for enhancing the level of controls or inspections at the border in respect of foods, beverages, or feedstuffs covered under the notification or guidance for protecting human, animal, or plant life or health within its territory, the following disciplines shall apply to the manner of their issuance, termination, or suspension: (a) the Member may, as appropriate, issue the notification or guidance based on risk; (b) the Member may issue the notification or guidance so that it applies uniformly only to those points of entry where the sanitary and phytosanitary conditions on which the notification or guidance are based apply; (c) the Member shall promptly terminate or suspend the notification or guidance when circumstances giving rise to it no longer exist, or if changed circumstances can be addressed in a less trade-restrictive manner; and (d) when the Member decides to terminate or suspend the notification or guidance, it shall, as appropriate, promptly publish the announcement of its termination or suspension in a non-discriminatory and easily accessible manner, or inform the exporting Member or the importer.

2 Detention A Member shall promptly inform the carrier or importer in case of detention of goods declared for importation, for inspection by customs or any other competent authority.3 Test Procedures 3.1 A Member may, upon request, grant an opportunity for a second test in case the first test result of a sample taken upon arrival of goods declared for importation shows an adverse finding.3.2 A Member shall either publish, in a non-discriminatory and easily accessible manner, the name and address of any laboratory where the test can be carried out or provide this information to the importer when it is granted the opportunity provided under paragraph 3.1. Future of forex trading. 3.3 A Member shall consider the result of the second test, if any, conducted under paragraph 3.1, for the release and clearance of goods and, if appropriate, may accept the results of such test.ARTICLE 6: DISCIPLINES ON FEES AND CHARGES IMPOSED ON OR IN CONNECTION WITH IMPORTATION AND EXPORTATION AND PENALTIES 1 General Disciplines on Fees and Charges Imposed on or in Connection with Importation and Exportation 1.1 The provisions of paragraph 1 shall apply to all fees and charges other than import and export duties and other than taxes within the purview of Article III of GATT 1994 imposed by Members on or in connection with the importation or exportation of goods.1.2 Information on fees and charges shall be published in accordance with Article 1.

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This information shall include the fees and charges that will be applied, the reason for such fees and charges, the responsible authority and when and how payment is to be made.1.3 An adequate time period shall be accorded between the publication of new or amended fees and charges and their entry into force, except in urgent circumstances.Such fees and charges shall not be applied until information on them has been published. 1.4 Each Member shall periodically review its fees and charges with a view to reducing their number and diversity, where practicable.2 Specific disciplines on Fees and Charges for Customs Processing Imposed on or in Connection with Importation and Exportation Fees and charges for customs processing: (i) shall be limited in amount to the approximate cost of the services rendered on or in connection with the specific import or export operation in question; and (ii) are not required to be linked to a specific import or export operation provided they are levied for services that are closely connected to the customs processing of goods.3 Penalty Disciplines 3.1 For the purpose of paragraph 3, the term "penalties" shall mean those imposed by a Member's customs administration for a breach of the Member's customs laws, regulations, or procedural requirements.

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3.2 Each Member shall ensure that penalties for a breach of a customs law, regulation, or procedural requirement are imposed only on the person(s) responsible for the breach under its laws.3.3 The penalty imposed shall depend on the facts and circumstances of the case and shall be commensurate with the degree and severity of the breach.3.4 Each Member shall ensure that it maintains measures to avoid: (a) conflicts of interest in the assessment and collection of penalties and duties; and (b) creating an incentive for the assessment or collection of a penalty that is inconsistent with paragraph 3.3. Energy broker software. 3.5 Each Member shall ensure that when a penalty is imposed for a breach of customs laws, regulations, or procedural requirements, an explanation in writing is provided to the person(s) upon whom the penalty is imposed specifying the nature of the breach and the applicable law, regulation or procedure under which the amount or range of penalty for the breach has been prescribed.3.6 When a person voluntarily discloses to a Member's customs administration the circumstances of a breach of a customs law, regulation, or procedural requirement prior to the discovery of the breach by the customs administration, the Member is encouraged to, where appropriate, consider this fact as a potential mitigating factor when establishing a penalty for that person.3.7 The provisions of this paragraph shall apply to the penalties on traffic in transit referred to in paragraph 3.1.