The United States and Vietnam meet regularly on trade and investment issues, including under our 2007 Trade and Investment Framework Agreement, which.The Vietnam Department of Trade will be approving the establishment of Representative Office in Vietnam while Vietnam Ministry of Planning and Investment will be the State agency that coordinate the setting up a company in Vietnam.Vietnam Briefing provides a step-by-step process of how to set up an RO, and the procedures. Pre-licensing checklist for setting up a RO. David bradshaw forex review. Lists of products imported from China to U. S. that are subject to special tariffs. A 4th list, covering about 0 billion of U. S. imports from China.The U. S. Trade Representative said that "U. S. businesses face a host of. Vietnam must take steps to reduce its trade deficit with the United. The comment raised concern in Hanoi that it could be next on Trump's tariff hit list.In 1975, the United States closed its Embassy and evacuated all. U. S. policy held that normalization of its relations with Vietnam be based. Other principal embassy officials are listed in the Department's Key Officers List.

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Vietnam would like the United States officially to recognize it as a market economy and sign a bilateral investment treaty (BIT). In May 2016, President Obama ended the remaining restrictions on lethal arms sales to Vietnam that had been in place since the end of the Vietnam War in 1975. Each nation has raised other concerns about the other’s trade policy. arms sales to Vietnam as an important method of reducing the bilateral merchandise trade deficit. In certain circumstances, Congress can play a role in the approval or disapproval of such arms sales. military equipment and materials since the removal of the restrictions, Vietnamese officials indicate that more requests may be submitted.The 115th Congress may play an important role in one or more of these issues, as have past Congresses. President Trump's decision in January 2017 to withdraw the United States from the proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) trade agreement removed a major focus of trade relations with the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Vietnam) since 2008. In May 2016, President Obama ended the remaining restrictions on lethal arms sales to Vietnam that had been in place since the end of the Vietnam War in 1975. Each nation has raised other concerns about the other's trade policy.No legislation has been introduced regarding trade relations with Vietnam, but other legislation, such as H. As a result, trade relations are likely to refocus onto various bilateral trade issues such as the rising U. bilateral merchandise trade deficit with Vietnam, Vietnam's desire to be recognized as a market economy, and various elements of each nation's trade policies and regulations. merchandise trade balance with Vietnam has gone from a surplus of 0 million in 1997 to a deficit of more than billion in 2017. exports declined in 2017 by nearly billion compared to 2016, while U. imports from Vietnam increased by more than billion. Vietnam would like the United States officially to recognize it as a market economy and sign a bilateral investment treaty (BIT).

VIETNAM'S strategic relationship with the United States has progressed but it is being held hostage to various sticking points over trade and the.The importance of Vietnam's trade relations with the United States may. included in the "Watch List" in the U. S. Trade Representative's 2017.Ministry of International Trade and Industry Menara MITI, No. Ministry of Industry and Trade of Vietnam 54 Hai Ba Trung Str. Ha Noi. Viet Nam Tel +84-4 2220. La international trading ltd. The implementation of either trade agreement is likely to increase Vietnam's trade flows to the other nations in the trade agreements, and decrease its trade with the United States. Under the Ford embargo, bilateral trade (including arms sales) and financial transactions were prohibited.Economic and trade relations between the two nations began to thaw during the Clinton Administration, building on joint efforts during the Reagan and George H. Bush Administrations to resolve a sensitive issue in the United States—recovering the remains of U. military personnel declared "missing in action" (MIA) during the Vietnam War.Two years later, President Bill Clinton appointed the first U. ambassador to Vietnam since the end of the Vietnam War.Bilateral relations also improved in part due to Vietnam's 1986 decision to shift from a Soviet-style central planned economy to a form of market socialism.

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The new economic policy, known as ("change and newness"), ushered in a period of 30 years of rapid growth in Vietnam.Since 2000, Vietnam's real GDP growth has averaged over 6% per year.Much of that growth was generated by foreign investment in Vietnam's manufacturing sector, particularly its clothing industry. The United States and Vietnam signed a bilateral trade agreement (BTA) on July 13, 2000, which went into force on December 10, 2001.As part of the BTA, the United States extended to Vietnam conditional most favored nation (MFN) trade status, now known as normal trade relations (NTR).Economic and trade relations further improved when the United States granted Vietnam permanent normal trade relations (PNTR) status on December 29, 2006, as part of Vietnam's accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO).

Nobody expects Vietnam to replace China as the world's major. and Taiwan in 2018, according to the United States Trade Representative.The EmbassyPage for Vietnam lists all embassies and consulates in Vietnam. Taiwan - Hanoi, Representative Office · Taiwan - Ho Chi Minh City, Trade Office.VIETRADE is a governmental organization of the S. R. of Vietnam responsible. institutions in Vietnam, and oversea trade representative offices in trade promotion and in. The directory provides an integrative listing of Vietnamese enterprises. Chọn phòng trọ tránh môi giới. [[Both those initiatives, however, receded in importance once Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) negotiations got underway in 2008.The United States also has expressed an interest in closer economic relations, but has told the Vietnamese government that it needs to make certain changes in the legal, regulatory, and operating environment of its economy to conclude the BIT agreement or to qualify for the GSP program. exports to Vietnam declined by nearly $2 billion in 2017, but Vietnamese trade statistics show an increase in imports from the United States of almost $500 million.For the first few years following the end of the U. embargo in 1994, trade between the two nations grew slowly, principally because of Vietnam's lack of NTR (see Figure 1). The growth in bilateral trade also has created sources of friction over specific goods. In 2017, the United States imported almost $345 million in catfish from Vietnam.

USTR's Lists of US imports from China subject to special tariffs

However, following the granting of conditional NTR in December 2001, trade flows between the United States and Vietnam grew quickly. A rapid increase in Vietnam's clothing exports to the United States led to the implementation of a controversial monitoring program from 2007 to 2009.) has also generated tensions between the two nations (see "Catfish" section below). exports to Vietnam is arms sales (see "Arms Sales" section below). Over the last 16 years, the United States has taken several actions that have had an impact on the import of Vietnamese catfish (see Table 2).According to both nations' official trade statistics, merchandise trade nearly doubled between 20. imports from Vietnam slid 4.7% in 2009 because of the U. economic recession, but have rebounded sharply since 2010. The recent growth of new merchandise exports from Vietnam, such as electrical machinery, may become subject to future bilateral trade friction. In May 2016, President Obama announced that he would lift the remaining restrictions on arms sales to Vietnam. So far, such arms sales have been limited, despite the expressed interest displayed by both governments. In 2002, Congress passed legislation that prohibited the labeling of In June 2009, the ITC determined to keep the duties in place "for the foreseeable future." According to the Vietnam Association of Seafood Exporters and Producers (VASEP), the number of companies exporting catfish to the United States declined from 30 to 3 following the imposition of antidumping duties.). catfish regulations, a spokesperson for Vietnam's Ministry of Foreign Affairs reportedly expressed disappointment, stating the new regulations are unnecessary, could constitute a non-tariff trade barrier, reduce Vietnamese exports, and harm the lives of Vietnamese farmers.Bilateral trade continued to climb after the United States granted PNTR status to Vietnam in 2006. The Trump Administration has repeatedly signaled its interest in increasing arms sales to Vietnam, and has reportedly made such sales a priority for the Defense Department, the State Department, and the U. The Trump Administration has indicated that reducing U. bilateral trade deficits will be a priority in its trade policy. trade deficit with Vietnam has been largely driven by substantial and successive increases in the import of new types of goods from Vietnam, starting in the early 2000s with clothing, apparel and footwear, and then from 2012 to 2017 expanding into electronics and machinery. The Secretary of Agriculture sent draft regulations to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in November 2009; the final regulations were published in December 2015. Starting in 2010, Vietnam's Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MOARD) tightened export hygiene standards for In 2011, then Prime Minister Dung reportedly approved a 10-year, $2 billion "master plan" for the development of Vietnam's fish farming industry that is designed to promote infrastructure and technological development, disease control, and environmental improvement. Vietnamese officials also reportedly indicated that the 18-month transition period to comply with the new U. standards was much shorter than the customary five years granted to developing nations, and suggested that the new regulations may violate the WTO sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) Agreement. Ks thanh binh trade union. During a June 2017 meeting with South Korea's President Moon Jae-in, President Trump reportedly said, "The United States has trade deficits with many, many countries, and we cannot allow that to continue." The $32 billion bilateral merchandise trade deficit with Vietnam in 2016 was reportedly a major issue during President Trump's May 2017 meeting at the White House with Vietnam's Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc. This growth largely reflects changes in Asia's regional supply chains, in which major manufacturers from China, Japan, South Korea, the United States, and other nations have relocated some of their production facilities to Vietnam, resulting in an increase in Vietnamese exports. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer, Minister of Industry and Trade Tran Tuan Anh urged the United States to recognize Vietnam as a market economy, repeal the special catfish inspection procedures (see "Catfish" below), and reduce barriers to Vietnamese fruit imports. The new regulations took effect on March 1, 2016, but provided a transition period lasting until September 1, 2017, before full implementation would take place. Following the passage of the 2008 Farm Bill, then-Ambassador to the United States Le Cong Phung sent a letter to nearly 140 Members of Congress, suggesting that a reclassification of Vietnam also pointed to U. anti-dumping measures on Vietnamese shrimp and plastic bags as an indication of U. In its complaint, Vietnam asserted that the United States had no scientific basis for subjecting imported catfish to a special inspection program.The joint statement issued following Prime Minister Phuc's May 2017 meeting with President Trump identified a number of measures to be taken to "actively promote mutually beneficial and ever-growing economic ties to bring greater prosperity to both countries."Following their November 2017 meeting, President Quang and President Trump released a joint statement that stated: The two leaders pledged to deepen and expand the bilateral trade and investment relationship between the United States and Vietnam through formal mechanisms, including the Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA). The leaders committed to seek resolution of remaining agricultural trade issues, including those regarding In addition, Vietnam's Minister of Trade and Investment Tran Tuan Anh met with U. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer on May 30, 2017, and asked that the United States recognize Vietnam as a market economy, lift the new catfish inspection regulations, and accelerate the licensing of Vietnamese fruit exports to the United States. Trade Representative Barbara Weisel urged Vietnam to address certain bilateral trade issues, such as agriculture and food safety, intellectual property, digital trade, financial services, customs, industrial goods, transparency and good governance, and illegal wildlife tracking. frozen fish fillets have secured a growing share of the U. exports constitutes a case of trade protectionism designed to shelter U. Under WTO procedures, Vietnam is requesting consultation with the United States to resolve the dispute.As both joint statements indicate, the United States and Vietnam have agreed to utilize the 2007 bilateral TIFA, and its Trade and Investment Council (the Council), as a major vehicle to discuss trade and investment issues. If, after 60 days, the two nations cannot resolve the dispute, Vietnam can request a formal WTO panel to review and adjudicate the complaint.

While the USDA prepared the new catfish regulations, the ITC issued, on June 15, 2009, a final determination in its five-year (sunset) review of the existing antidumping duties on "certain frozen fish fillets from Vietnam." In a unanimous decision, the six ITC commissioners voted to continue the antidumping duties "for the foreseeable future." In April 2014, the Department of Commerce lowered the antidumping duties on Vietnam's catfish exports to the United States. government included Vietnam on the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) list of countries that were denied licenses to acquire defense articles and defense services.On January 12, 2018, Vietnam filed a request for consultations with the WTO's Dispute Settlement Body (DSB) regarding the imposition of anti-dumping duties and cash deposit requirements by the U. Department of Commerce on "Certain Frozen Fish Fillets" from Vietnam. The ITAR restrictions on arms sales remained in effect after President Clinton lifted the general trade embargo in February 1994.The United States has 60 days in which to respond to the request and resolve the matter. In April 2007, the Department of State amended ITAR to permit "on a case-by-case basis licenses, other approvals, exports or imports of non-lethal defense articles and defense services destined for or originating in Vietnam." To the Vietnamese government, the continuing restrictions on trade in military equipment and arms were a barrier to the normalization of diplomatic relations and constrained closer bilateral ties. Equilibrium forex. After 60 days, Vietnam may request adjudication by a WTO dispute panel. military sales to Vietnam were banned as part of the larger U. Vietnam was subsequently permitted to participate in the Foreign Military Financing (FMF) program, administered by the State Department, starting in fiscal year 2009 (see Table 3).As of mid-April, Vietnam has not requested a formal review. Via FMF, Vietnam was able to purchase spare parts for Huey helicopters and M113 Armored Personnel Carriers captured during the Vietnam War. restrictions on the transfer of lethal weapons and articles to Vietnam to permit "future transfer of maritime security-related" defense articles, again on a case-by-case basis.According to the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA), U. military sales agreements with Vietnam rose from $653,000 in fiscal year 2011 to $20 million in fiscal year 2016. The Department said that the move would help the United States "integrate Vietnam fully into maritime security initiatives" by helping Vietnam to "improve its maritime domain awareness and maritime security capabilities." At the time, U. officials and some observers argued that such an action would help improve Vietnam's capacity to respond to China in the South China Sea and solidify the growing strategic partnership between the United States and Vietnam. weapons sales also are an important part of the Trump Administration's "Buy American" proposal, which reportedly will require the Pentagon and U. diplomats to play a more active role in promoting arms trade, as well as possible easing of ITAR restrictions.

List of trade representative in viet nam

Others, however, called the move premature without improvements in human rights conditions in Vietnam. The impact of removing the restrictions on arms sales to Vietnam is unclear.The Trump Administration has indicated that it sees increased U. arms sales to Vietnam as one means of reducing the bilateral merchandise trade deficit, as well as strengthening the security partnership with Vietnam. Following the 2014 partial easing of the arms export ban, few lethal defense articles were sold or transferred to Vietnam from the United States.The State Department reportedly is encouraging Vietnam to diversify its source of arms away from its "historical suppliers" (such as Russia) and include more U. A refurbished Hamilton-class cutter was transferred to Vietnam through the Excess Defense Article (EDA) program on May 25, 2017. Oanda forex time. Also in May 2017, the first tranche of six Metal-shark patrol boats were delivered, financed via the FMF program.The State Department anticipates that Vietnam will use future FMF funding to acquire additional U. Vietnam reportedly is interested in obtaining F-16 fighter aircraft, P-3C Orion maritime patrol aircraft, and maritime intelligence surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) equipment.The potential sale of arms to Vietnam had been a source of some controversy for Congress.

List of trade representative in viet nam

While some Members support the provision of lethal assistance, others object in part because of Vietnam's alleged human rights record. That law requires the executive branch to notify the Speaker of the House, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, and the House Foreign Affairs Committee before the Administration can take the final steps to conclude either a government-to-government or commercially licensed arms sale.Congress will have oversight of some exports of military items to Vietnam, pursuant to Section 36(b) of the Arms Export Control Act (AECA; P. For potential sales to Vietnam, the Administration is required to notify the congressional committees and leadership 30 calendar days before concluding sales of major defense equipment, defense articles, defense services, or design and construction services meeting certain value thresholds.Vietnamese leaders would like the United States to change Vietnam's official designation under U. law from "nonmarket economy" to "market economy." The United States' designation of Vietnam as a non-market economy, which, according to the Vietnamese government, will expire in 2019 under the terms of its accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO), generally makes it more likely that antidumping and countervailing duty cases would result in the Commerce Department issuing adverse rulings against Vietnamese companies' exports to the United States. Forex losses gains là gì. Vietnam's Economy at a Glance In 1986, Vietnam started the transformation of its Soviet-style centrally planned economy into a market-oriented economy.Its agricultural sector, which was decollectivized in the 1990s, remains the main source of employment in the country, but provides about 20% of GDP.The industrial sector, which contributes about 40% of GDP, has also undergone a gradual shift from state-owned to privately owned production.